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Hydropower Electricity Generation Training System



The Hydropower Electricity Generation Training System examines the large-scale production of electricity from hydro power using a synchronous generator, a proven technology long used worldwide by power utilities. The training system first introduces the student to the configuration of a typical hydropower plant. The student then learns how to adjust the voltage and frequency of the synchronous generator in a hydropower plant, as well as how to synchronize the generator using a synchro-check relay. The training system concludes with a study of the automatic speed (frequency) and voltage regulation systems used in a hydropower plant. The training system also includes an optional exercise dealing with the operation of hydropower generators connected in parallel as well as with load sharing.

Features & Benefits

  • Realistic control functions implemented using the Data Acquisition and Control Interface and Four-Quadrant Dynamometer via the LVDAC-EMS software allow for a perfect emulation of hydropower plant setup.
  • The course curriculum of the Electric Power Technology Training Program is highly flexible and allows a multitude of different customized training solutions.
  • The courseware includes student manuals and instructor guides with all the theory required to perform the hands-on experiments.
  • All workstations, modules, and components are sturdy and protected against electrical damage to ensure a prolonged service life in a demanding environment such as a training laboratory.
  • The modular design approach of the training equipment allows a large variety of courses to be performed using a small number of modules, without unnecessary duplication of equipment.
  • All electrical components can be interconnected without electric shock hazard since all live parts of the connection leads are concealed and insulated.
  • All electrical symbols representing the components used in a laboratory exercise are clearly silk-screened on the front panel of the modules.
  • The training system includes two highly versatile USB peripherals:
    • Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply, Model 8960-2. This module is used as a solar panel emulator with a large variety of configurable parameters.
    • Data Acquisition and Control Interface, Model 9063. This module gives access to a large variety of computer-based measuring instruments and is used to control the power thyristors bridge that regulates the generator voltage with the AVR. All functions are implemented via the LVDAC-EMS software.
  • Software upgrades for LVDAC-EMS and firmware upgrades for the Four-Quadrant Dynamometer/Power Supply and Data Acquisition and Control Interface are available for download free of charge on the Festo Didactic website.

Topic Coverage

  • Fundamentals of Hydropower Electricity Generation: types of power plants, main components, advantages and disadvantages, ...
  • Generator Frequency and Voltage Control Principles
  • Operation of a Synchro-Check Relay and Generator Synchronization
  • Generator Operation with Speed and Voltage Regulation
  • Speed and Voltage Regulation with Droop
  • Generator Parallel Operation and Load Sharing (this topic requires 2 complete setups to collaborate)

List of equipment

Qty Description
1 Tabletop Workstation 8134-2
1 Three-Phase Synchronous Motor/Generator 8241-2
1 Resistive Load 8311
1 Inductive Load 8321
1 Synchronizing Module / Three-Phase Contactor 8621-A
1 Three-Phase Power Supply 8823
1 Power Thyristors 8841-2
1 Timing Belt 8942
1 Connection Lead Set 8951-L
1 Connection Lead Set 8951-N
1 Four-Quadrant Dynamometer / Power Supply with Manual and Computer-Based Control 8960-C
1 Turbine Emulator Function Set 8968-3
1 Data Acquisition and Control Interface 9063-B
1 Synchronous Generator Control Function Set 9069-A
1 AC 24 V Wall Mount Power Supply 30004-2

Additional equipment required to perform the exercises

Qty Description
1 Full-Size Blank EMS Module 8160
1 Half-Size Blank EMS Module 8161
2 Digital Multimeter 8946-2
1 Multimeters Module 8946-A
1 Personal Computer 8990
1 All-in-one computer 20628
1 Touch-Screen Computer 46299
1 Touch-Screen Computer – Large 46299-A


Qty Description
1 Software Development Kit (SDK) 8968-7
1 SCADA for LVDAC-EMS 8973
1 Software Development Kit (SDK) 9069-9


Qty Description
1 Basic Renewable Energy Training System (Manuals on CD-ROM) 89338-A

Spare Part

Qty Description
1 Timing Belt 8942
1 Connection Lead Set 8951
1 Fuse SB 5.0 A 71603

Optional Equipment

Qty Description
1 DC Motor/Generator, Cut-Away 8211-C
1 Four-Pole Squirrel-Cage Induction Motor, Cut-Away 8221-C
1 Three-Phase Wound-Rotor Induction Machine, Cut-Away 8231-C
1 Synchronous Motor/Generator, Cut-Away 8241-C
1 Capacitor Start Motor, Cut-Away 8251-C
1 All-in-One Touch Screen Computer (including Monitor Stand with Articulating Arm) 8990-A


Qty Description
1 Mobile Workstation 8110-2
1 Storage Shelves 8150-1
1 Dust Cover for Workstations 8991
1 Dust Cover for EMS Storage Cabinet 8992
1 Three-Phase Power Receptable - NEMA L22-20 24183
1 Three-Phase Power Receptable - NEMA L21-20R 24582
1 Three-Phase Power Receptacle - 5-Pin Round 35153
1 External Shelf for the Mobile Workstation 36653
1 Mounting Stand with Articulating Arm 36653-A
1 Mobile Base 88863

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The above chart shows all courses in the Electric Power Technology Training Program. Blue boxes highlight courses included in the training system covered in this datasheet, while dark grey boxes, if any, highlight courses that can be optionally added to this training system.
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